As part of the EU project L3Pilot, fka GmbH has already been able to test automated driving functions on public roads in Aachen. At the end of the project and at the ITS World Congress 2021, fka travelled to Hamburg with its test vehicle. Visitors to the congress were able to experience an automated ride in the fka test vehicle on the TAVF. In the weeks before and during the event, fka tested around 1000 km in urban areas, gaining valuable experience that can be used to further develop and safeguard automated driving. The drives took place on a 1.5 km section of the TAVF around the exhibition grounds and were always piloted by a safety driver.
The vehicle used for this purpose is specially equipped for the development and testing of assistance and automation functions. In addition to the corresponding automation function as a separate software stack, this includes extensive equipment with sensors for the perception of the vehicle's surroundings. Lidar and radar sensors as well as cameras detect relevant objects around the vehicle. Via a communication interface according to the IEEE 802.11p standard, the vehicle can receive information from the traffic lights (MAP/SPaT) along the TAVF. The current position of the vehicle and its state of movement can be determined with high precision via an RTK system. In the urban driving situations along the TAVF, the lidar sensors were also used for high-precision positioning. This enables both localisation in the environment and detection of all static and dynamic objects in the environment (e.g. other road users). Using sensor fusion, a complete image of the vehicle's surroundings is created. Based on this, driving decisions and future actions of other road users are predicted by the automated driving function and the optimal behaviour of the driver's own vehicle is determined. A safe and comfortable trajectory for the automated vehicle is then planned using the specifications of this behavioural decision. A subsequent controller calculates the necessary actuating signals for controlling the vehicle interfaces for longitudinal and lateral guidance. The modules described are integrated on a central control computer in the vehicle and can be adapted according to requirements.